State-owned TV stations were also being supervised. White House Chief of Staff John Sununu said the only time information was withheld was when it threatened national security. Events such as the Gulf war and the invasion of Iraq created major realignments in Saudi social and political boundaries.
Only selected journalists were allowed to visit the front lines or conduct interviews with soldiers. Bureau chiefs from print and television collaborated on a letter to President Bush communicating concerns about the restrictions in Saudi Arabia particularly.
Middle East media and audiences[ edit ] Arab media industry was strictly controlled by governments. However, it paved the way for the later introduction of Radio Five Live.
Learning lessons from the television coverage of the Vietnam War, the Pentagon strategically communicated the Gulf War to the American public by placing certain restrictions on press coverage.
He showed a video of a laser-guided bomb destroying a bridge just after the vehicle had driven over it. Defense Secretary Dick Cheney was primarily responsible for the oversight of these press restrictions, and modeled the restrictions after the press blackout during the invasion of Panama in As the mouth piece of the authority, Ab news media only broadcast what the government wanted the public to know.
But, moments later, Shepard was back on the air An analysis of cnn in the persian gulf war flashes of light were seen on the horizon and tracer fire was heard on the ground. Most of the press information came from briefings organized by the military.
Out of the CNN correspondents the one who received the most attention was Peter Arnett who became known for the controversy of his reportages.
This event was a critical turn to the hour news coverage. The Worst Censorship was at Home. Two BBC journalists, John Simpson and Bob Simpson who, despite sharing a surname, are unrelateddefied their editors and remained in Baghdad to report on the progress of the war.
Moments later, Brokaw announced to his viewers that the air attack had begun. New technologies, such as satellite technology, allowed for a new type of war coverage. Officials claimed national security and classifying information from the enemy as reason for these new policies.
Arab governments saw satellite news as the ideal vehicle for extending and exerting influence beyond their own borders. This was the first conflict in which reporters had to be escorted by military officials called the Department of Defense National Media Pool.
Local media outlets in cities across the country screened similar oppositional media. However, it was CNN which gained the most popularity for their coverage, and indeed its wartime coverage is often cited as one of the landmark events in the development of the network.
Many of the Gulf States began launching their own national satellite TV networks. The first program of this series War, Oil and Power was compiled and released inbefore the war broke out.
On CBS, viewers were watching a report from correspondent Allen Pizzey, who was also reporting from Baghdad, when the war began. The war was covered live since its beginnings by the three main American networks, as well as the emerging CNN.
They were responsible for a report which included an "infamous cruise missile that travelled down a street and turned left at a traffic light. News in this context is called "protocol news", reporting war information closely following the government agenda. Throughout the war, footage of incoming missiles was broadcast almost immediately.
A British crew from CBS News David Green and Andy Thompsonequipped with satellite transmission equipment traveled with the front line forces and, having transmitted live TV pictures of the fighting en route, arrived the day before the forces in Kuwait City, broadcasting live television from the city and covering the entrance of the Arab forces the following day.
Deep Dish Television compiled segments from independent producers in the U. The policy had been spelled out in a Pentagon document entitled Annex Foxtrot. For the first time, people all over the world were able to watch live pictures of missiles hitting their targets and fighters taking off from aircraft carriers from the actual perspective of the machinery.
The images of precise land bombing and use of night vision equipment gave the reporting a futuristic spin which was said to resemble video game imagery and encourage the "war drama". The station was short lived, ending shortly after President Bush declared the ceasefire and the liberation of Kuwait.
Those visits were always conducted in the presence of officers, and were subject to both prior approval by the military and censorship afterward. This was ostensibly to protect sensitive information from being revealed to Iraq.mundane topics, CNN became a wellspring of information during national elections.
In addition, audiences chose CNN broadcasts during times of national crises, such as the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan (), the Persian Gulf War (), the Oklahoma City bombing (), and the al-Qaeda attacks of September 11, The Persian Gulf War, codenamed Operation Desert Storm and commonly referred to as the Gulf War, was a war waged by a United Nations-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Media coverage of the Gulf War was significant for many reasons including CNN's live reporting from a Baghdad hotel, alternative and. Seeing through the media: the Persian Gulf War. [Susan Jeffords; Lauren Rabinovitz;] an analysis of CNN's war in the gulf / Mimi White --The media's war / Ella Shohat --Operation Desert Comfort / Dana L.
Cloud --Missiles and melodrama (masculinity and the televisual war).
War in the persian Gulf Operations Desert shielD and Desert storm august –March Center of Military History United States Army Washington, D.C., LEON HARRIS, CNN ANCHOR: It was 10 years ago tonight that the U.S.
and its allies launched Operation Desert Storm, a war in the Persian Gulf that would last only six weeks and succeed in driving Iraqi invasion forces out of Kuwait. Site Unseen: An Analysis of CNN's War in the Gulf: The Persian Gulf War. In Seeing Through the Media: The Persian Gulf War.
In Seeing Through the Media: The Persian Gulf War. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. p.Download